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Titolo:
RELAPSE OF DEPRESSION AFTER RAPID DEPLETION OF TRYPTOPHAN
Autore:
SMITH KA; FAIRBURN CG; COWEN PJ;
Indirizzi:
UNIV OXFORD,LITTLEMORE HOSP,DEPT PSYCHIAT OXFORD OX4 4XN ENGLAND UNIV OXFORD,LITTLEMORE HOSP,DEPT PSYCHIAT OXFORD OX4 4XN ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Lancet
fascicolo: 9056, volume: 349, anno: 1997,
pagine: 915 - 919
SICI:
0140-6736(1997)349:9056<915:RODARD>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
5-HYDROXYINDOLEACETIC ACID; PLASMA TRYPTOPHAN; SEROTONIN; REMISSION; DISORDERS; MALES; MODEL; AGE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
K.A. Smith et al., "RELAPSE OF DEPRESSION AFTER RAPID DEPLETION OF TRYPTOPHAN", Lancet, 349(9056), 1997, pp. 915-919

Abstract

Background Major depression is a common disorder but. the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Current hypotheses implicate deficient function of brain serotonin pathways because drugs that selectively increase brain serotonin activity are effective antidepressants. However, there is no direct evidence that lowered serotonin function causes majordepression. We aimed to assess whether lowering of brain serotonin activity by depletion of its aminoacid precursor, tryptophan, could provoke a short-term relapse of clinically significant symptoms in women vulnerable to major depressive disorder. Methods We studied 15 women who had suffered recurrent episodes of major depression but had recovered and were no longer on drug treatment. Patients received two aminoacid mixtures in a double-blind crossover design. One of the mixtures wasnutritionally balanced and contained tryptophan and the other was identical except it contained no tryptophan. Participants were scored on the Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAM-D) before and 7 h after drinking each mixture. They also completed hourly self-rated measures of mood during this period. Blood samples were also taken at baseline and 7 h for measurement of plasma tryptophan. Findings The tryptophan-free mixture produced a 75% reduction in plasma tryptophan concentration. After drinking the tryptophan-free mixture, ten of the 15 women experienced temporary but clinically significant depressive symptoms. The mean difference in total HAM-D scores (7 h minus baseline) were significantly higher after the tryptophan-free mixture than after the nutritionally balanced mixture (7.3 vs 0.15 [95% CI 4.5-9.9]; p<0.001). Nochanges in mood were seen after taking the nutritionally balanced mixture. Interpretation We conclude that rapid lowering of brain serotonin function can precipitate clinical depressive symptoms in well, untreated individuals who are Vulnerable to major depressive disorder. The findings support a hey role for deficient serotonin function in the aetiology of depression.

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Documento generato il 09/07/20 alle ore 19:17:19