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Titolo:
INFLUENCE OF PREVIOUS PHOTOPERIODIC EXPOSURE ON THE REPRODUCTIVE RESPONSE TO A SPECIFIC PHOTOPERIOD SIGNAL IN EWES
Autore:
SWEENEY T; DONOVAN A; KARSCH FJ; ROCHE JF; OCALLAGHAN D;
Indirizzi:
NATL UNIV IRELAND UNIV COLL DUBLIN,FAC VET MED DUBLIN 4 IRELAND UNIV MICHIGAN,REPROD SCI PROGRAM ANN ARBOR MI 48109
Titolo Testata:
Biology of reproduction
fascicolo: 4, volume: 56, anno: 1997,
pagine: 916 - 920
SICI:
0006-3363(1997)56:4<916:IOPPEO>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BREEDING-SEASON; LUTEINIZING-HORMONE; PROLACTIN SECRETION; LONG DAYS; RHYTHM; SYNCHRONIZATION; ONSET; MELATONIN; CYCLES; TIME;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Sweeney et al., "INFLUENCE OF PREVIOUS PHOTOPERIODIC EXPOSURE ON THE REPRODUCTIVE RESPONSE TO A SPECIFIC PHOTOPERIOD SIGNAL IN EWES", Biology of reproduction, 56(4), 1997, pp. 916-920

Abstract

Two experiments were carried out to determine whether the reproductive response of ewes to a specific photoperiodic signal depends on the time of year that the signal is given, and, if so, whether this dependence can be attributed to the photoperiodic history of the ewes. The aim of experiment 1 was to expand upon previous findings that the reproductive response to a specific photoperiodic challenge in ewes previously maintained on natural photoperiod varies with time of year. Ewes were transferred at one of three times of year from natural photoperiod to photochambers and were immediately exposed to 35 long days (18L:6D)followed by continuous exposure to short days (8.5L:15.5D); this treatment is referred to as LD-->SD. The three times of year when long days started corresponded to the beginning of the breeding season, the mid-breeding season, and early anestrus (September 21, December 21, March 21, respectively). In ewes exposed to LD-->SD beginning in September, the breeding season and subsequent anestrous season was not altered. In ewes exposed to LD-->SD beginning in December, the transition to anestrus was advanced (p < 0.05) relative to that in controls maintained in simulated natural photoperiod. Subsequently, half of these ewes resumed reproductive activity within 180 days; this occurred 131 +/- 8 days after transfer to short days. In contrast, all ewes exposed to LD-->SD beginning in March resumed reproductive activity; this began 100+/- 3 days after transfer to short days (p < 0.05 versus December group). The purpose of experiment 2 was to assess the extent to which thedifference in response to a photoperiodic challenge can be attributedto photoperiodic history. Ewes were maintained on short days from thewinter solstice interrupted with 35 long days from March 21, June 21,September 21, or December 21. The majority of ewes exhibited an onsetof reproductive activity after exposure to LD-->SD at the different times of year, and there was no group difference in latency to onset ofreproductive activity. The duration of reproductive activity, however, was longer (p < 0.05) in ewes exposed to LD-->SD beginning in lune than in the other groups. Thus we conclude that the seasonal differencein the ability of the photoperiodic challenge of long followed by short days to induce reproductive activity in ewes previously maintained outdoors can be attributed, in large measure, to photoperiodic history. Other factors, such as phase of the endogenous rhythm, however, may influence the duration of reproductive activity resulting from this photoperiodic challenge.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 04:25:15