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Titolo:
ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL DETERMINANTS OF BLOOD-PRESSURE IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN CHINA
Autore:
XU XP; NIU TH; CHRISTIANI DC; WEISS ST; ZHOU YS; CHEN CZ; YANG JH; FANG ZA; JIANG ZJ; LIANG WN; ZHANG FZ;
Indirizzi:
HARVARD UNIV,SCH PUBL HLTH,DEPT ENVIRONM HLTH,OCCUPAT HLTH PROGRAM,665 HUNTINGTON AVE BOSTON MA 02115 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,BRIGHAM & WOMENS HOSP,CHANNING LAB,DEPT MED BOSTON MA 00000 HARVARD UNIV,SCH PUBL HLTH,DIV BIOL SCI BOSTON MA 02115 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,BRIGHAM & WOMENS HOSP,DEPT MED,CARDIOVASC DIV BOSTON MA 00000 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,MASSACHUSETTS GEN HOSP,PULM & CRIT CARE UNIT BOSTON MA 00000 HARVARD UNIV,BETH ISRAEL HOSP,SCH MED,DIV PULM & CRIT CARE MED BOSTONMA 00000 ANQING PUBL HLTH BUR ANHUI PEOPLES R CHINA ANHUI MED UNIV,DEPT EPIDEMIOL ANHUI PEOPLES R CHINA
Titolo Testata:
Annals of epidemiology
fascicolo: 2, volume: 7, anno: 1997,
pagine: 95 - 106
SICI:
1047-2797(1997)7:2<95:EAODOB>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; DIETARY-SODIUM; CHANGING PREVALENCE; NOISE EXPOSURE; HEART-DISEASE; HONG-KONG; HYPERTENSION; POTASSIUM; CALCIUM;
Keywords:
BLOOD PRESSURE; HYPERTENSION; RISK FACTORS; CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY; CHINA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
X.P. Xu et al., "ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL DETERMINANTS OF BLOOD-PRESSURE IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN CHINA", Annals of epidemiology, 7(2), 1997, pp. 95-106

Abstract

PURPOSE: To identify and characterize major environmental and occupational determinants of blood pressure in rural communities in China. METHODS: In 1993 we conducted a large cross-sectional, community based study of 20,216 residents aged 15 years or older, from the Yijing area of Anhui Province (8022 men, 12,194 women), one of whom were receivingtreatment for hypertension. The mean systolic blood pressure was 116.7 +/- 19.5 mmHg for men and 113.2 +/- 19.4 mmHg for women. RESULTS: The mean diastolic blood pressure was 72.4 +/- 12.1 mmHg for men and 70.4 +/- 11.6 mmHg for women. Age and body mass index were the two most important determinants of blood pressure in this population. With controls for age and body mass index, height and weight remained significant predictors of blood pressure. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that alcohol consumption, self reported exposure to noise, drinking of tap water and pond water, occupational exposure to dust/fumes/gases, rice consumption, inferior housing, household crowdedness, andbeing unmarried were related to increased blood pressure levels. Vegetable intake, frequent consumption of meat at meals, high level of physical activity, exposure to straw-combustion smoke, and pesticide use were negatively associated with blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Our studydemonstrated that a broad array of demographic, ergonomic, nutritional, and environmental factors are critical determinants of blood pressure in this rural Chinese population. (C) 1997 by Elsevier Science Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 05:47:27