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Titolo:
SEMANTIC SATIATION IN HEALTHY-YOUNG AND OLDER ADULTS
Autore:
BALOTA DA; BLACK S;
Indirizzi:
WASHINGTON UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL,BOX 1125 ST LOUIS MO 63130 UNIV ALABAMA TUSCALOOSA AL 00000
Titolo Testata:
Memory & cognition
fascicolo: 2, volume: 25, anno: 1997,
pagine: 190 - 202
SICI:
0090-502X(1997)25:2<190:SSIHAO>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LEXICAL DECISION TASK; SPREADING ACTIVATION; SELECTIVE ATTENTION; MEMORY; ACCESS; MODEL;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.A. Balota e S. Black, "SEMANTIC SATIATION IN HEALTHY-YOUNG AND OLDER ADULTS", Memory & cognition, 25(2), 1997, pp. 190-202

Abstract

In four experiments, semantic satiation was investigated in young andold adults. In the first two experiments, subjects were repeatedly presented a word (e.g., DOG) and then were presented a pair of words (e.g., DOG-CAT or DOG-CHAIR) for a relatedness decision. The results of both experiments indicated that for the young adults, the relatedness effect (the difference between response latency on related and unrelated trials) decreased as a function of the number of times the satiated word was repeated, whereas for the older adults, there was no evidenceof a decrease in the relatedness effect across repetitions of the satiated word. In the third experiment, we investigated whether phonological codes are also susceptible to satiation. This experiment was similar to the first two experiments with the exception that subjects made rhyme decisions (SAME-CLAIM VS. SAME-DIME) instead of semantic relatedness decisions. The results of this experiment did not yield any evidence of satiation for either the young adults or the older adults. The final experiment eliminated a simple decrease in attentional alertnessor fatigue account of the semantic satiation effects round in the first two experiments. In this experiment, the repeated word was always unrelated to the pair of words presented for the relatedness decision. The results of this experiment did not yield any evidence of semantic satiation for either the young or the older adults. The discussion focuses on the mechanisms underlying semantic satiation and the implications of age-related changes in these mechanisms.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 23:10:10