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Titolo:
MODELING TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE EFFECTS ON C-N TRANSFORMATIONS IN SOILS - COMPARISON OF 9 MODELS
Autore:
RODRIGO A; RECOUS S; NEEL C; MARY B;
Indirizzi:
INRA,UNITE AGRON LAON PERONNE,RUE FERNAND CHRIST F-02007 LAON FRANCE INRA,UNITE AGRON LAON PERONNE F-02007 LAON FRANCE INST VALENCIANO INVEST AGR,DEPT RECURSOS NAT E-46113 MONCADA VALENCIASPAIN
Titolo Testata:
Ecological modelling
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 102, anno: 1997,
pagine: 325 - 339
SICI:
0304-3800(1997)102:2-3<325:MTAMEO>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NET NITROGEN MINERALIZATION; WINTER-WHEAT; STRAW DECOMPOSITION; ORGANIC-MATTER; WATER-CONTENT; ROOT DECOMPOSITION; FIELD CONDITIONS; BARLEY STRAW; CLAY SOIL; NITRIFICATION;
Keywords:
TEMPERATURE; MOISTURE; NITROGEN; CARBON; MINERALIZATION; MODELS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Rodrigo et al., "MODELING TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE EFFECTS ON C-N TRANSFORMATIONS IN SOILS - COMPARISON OF 9 MODELS", Ecological modelling, 102(2-3), 1997, pp. 325-339

Abstract

Most models designed to simulate carbon and nitrogen transformations in the soil have defined functions to describe the effects of temperature and water content on microbial processes. These functions are normally derived from soil incubation studies, but they could be one of the main differences among models, and their specific effect has yet to be studied. We have analysed different functions describing the effects of soil moisture, temperature and their interaction on microbial processes reported in the literature. Evolution of temperature (f(T)) andmoisture (g(psi)) functions applied to N mineralisation in nine C-N simulation models (SOILN, MATHILD, SUNDIAL, TRITSIM, DAISY, NLEAP, NCSOIL, CANTIS and Kersbaum's), representing a wide range of those reviewed, were compared by using a daily data set of soil temperature (T) andwater potential (Psi) obtained in the held in Northern France. Comparison between f(T) and g(psi) was realised using a common values of 'reference' temperature and moisture (T-ref and Psi(ref)), values at which f(T), and g(psi) are equal to 1 in all models. Large differences were observed among proposed f(T) especially when T-ref = 35 degrees C, which is much higher than the average temperature of data set examined (T = 11 degrees C). In this case, maximal relative differences betweenf(T) functions of studied models were around 325%. The g(psi) functions reached similar maximum values at soil moisture near held capacity,except for NLEAP and NCSOIL models. In the dry range of soil moisture, the relative differences in g(psi) become higher. The combined effect of temperature and moisture product, f(T).g(psi), varied by a five-fold factor between models for T-ref= 35 degrees C and Psi(ref)= -50 kPa. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 07:06:01