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Titolo:
MODELING AND OPTIMIZING OF SEQUENTIAL SELECTION SCHEMES - A POULTRY BREEDING APPLICATION
Autore:
CHAPUIS H; DUCROCQ V; PHOCAS F; DELABROSSE Y;
Indirizzi:
INRA,GENET QUANTITAT & APPL STN F-78352 JOUY EN JOSAS FRANCE INRA,GENET QUANTITAT & APPL STN F-78352 JOUY EN JOSAS FRANCE BETINA SELECT F-56250 ELVEN FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Genetics selection evolution
fascicolo: 4, volume: 29, anno: 1997,
pagine: 327 - 356
SICI:
0999-193X(1997)29:4<327:MAOOSS>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CULLING-LEVEL SELECTION; TRUNCATION POINTS; GENETIC GAIN; PREDICTION; TRAITS; CATTLE; POPULATION;
Keywords:
GENETIC GAIN; DETERMINISTIC MODELING; SEQUENTIAL SELECTION; BULMER EFFECT; POULTRY SELECTION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H. Chapuis et al., "MODELING AND OPTIMIZING OF SEQUENTIAL SELECTION SCHEMES - A POULTRY BREEDING APPLICATION", Genetics selection evolution, 29(4), 1997, pp. 327-356

Abstract

A sequential selection scheme, where candidates are ranked using a multiple trait BLUP selection index, was modelled deterministically. This model accounts for overlapping generations and for the reduction of genetic variances under selection, in order to predict the asymptotic genetic gain. Sires and darns are selected among the pairs already created whose progeny have maximum expected average genetic merit. This procedure allows for an optimal use of the available information when the pairs are selected. Effects of selection on the mean and variance of the traits measured on selected animals are accounted for using the Tallis formulae, while a matrix formula is used in order to simultaneously derive genetic lags and gains. The evolution of inbreeding rate was not modelled. Numerical applications were related to a turkey breeding plan. The impact of the relative weight given to growth (male and female body weight, measured at 12 and 16 weeks) and reproduction traits (three partial egg number records) on the expected genetic gains was investigated. Influence of demographic parameters was also studied. Different selection strategies were compared. When the selection objective is mainly to improve laying ability, it is more relevant to increase the amount of information on laying performance: and to apply selection of best mated pairs, rather than to reduce generation intervals by only using the youngest sires. This modelling can be viewed as a useful tool, in order to foresee the consequences of any change in the breeding plan for the long-term genetic gain.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 22:41:04