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Titolo:
FOOD CRAVINGS IN WOMEN WITH A HISTORY OF ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
Autore:
GENDALL KA; SULLIVAN PF; JOYCE PR; BULIK CM;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,MED CTR,WESTERN PSYCHIAT INST & CLIN,CTR OVERCOMING PROBLEM EATING,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15217 CHRISTCHURCH SCH MED,DEPT MED PSYCHOL CHRISTCHURCH NEW ZEALAND
Titolo Testata:
The International journal of eating disorders
fascicolo: 4, volume: 22, anno: 1997,
pagine: 403 - 409
SICI:
0276-3478(1997)22:4<403:FCIWWA>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEROTONIN; RESTRAINT; BULIMIA;
Keywords:
FOOD CRAVINGS; ANOREXIA NERVOSA; BINGE EPISODES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
K.A. Gendall et al., "FOOD CRAVINGS IN WOMEN WITH A HISTORY OF ANOREXIA-NERVOSA", The International journal of eating disorders, 22(4), 1997, pp. 403-409

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of food cravings in women with a history of anorexia nervosa. Method: One hundred one control women selected atrandom and 64 women with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa 10 to 14 years earlier (cases) completed the Diagnostic interview for Genetic Studies, a food craving questionnaire, the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire. Results: A similar proportion of cases and controls reported food cravings. A greater proportion of cases reported strong cravings with two or more features of intensity (p =.02). Cravings in the cases were more likely to be characterized by difficulty resisting the craved food (p =.0008), anxiety when the craved food was unavailable (p = .002), and a high frequency of occurrence (p =.007). The cases who craved were significantly more likely to have had lifetime BN (p =.02). Conclusion: A similar prevalenceof food craving in cases as in controls suggests that successful control of food intake and/or denial of hunger overrides dietary restriction as a precondition for craving in anorexia nervosa. A dysfunction inthe serotonergic system, the provision of intermittent reinforcement by binge episodes, and/or frustration due to unsuccessful attempts at dietary restraint may mediate the association of cravings with the presence of lifetime bulimia. (C) 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Documento generato il 12/07/20 alle ore 03:22:30