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Titolo:
THE PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS-B AND HEPATITIS-C INFECTIONS AMONG IMMIGRANTS TO A NEWLY RECLAIMED AREA ENDEMIC FOR SCHISTOSOMA-MANSONI IN SINAI, EGYPT
Autore:
ELSAYED HF; ABAZA SM; MEHANNA S; WINCH PJ;
Indirizzi:
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH HYG & PUBL HLTH,615 N WOLFE ST BALTIMORE MD 21205 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH HYG & PUBL HLTH BALTIMORE MD 21205 SUEZ CANAL UNIV,FAC MED,DEPT PEDIAT ISMAILIA EGYPT SUEZ CANAL UNIV,FAC MED,DEPT MICROBIOL,PARASITOL UNIT ISMAILIA EGYPT AMER UNIV CAIRO,SOCIAL RES CTR CAIRO EGYPT
Titolo Testata:
Acta Tropica
fascicolo: 2, volume: 68, anno: 1997,
pagine: 229 - 237
SICI:
0001-706X(1997)68:2<229:TPOHAH>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VIRUS-INFECTION; BLOOD-DONORS; HIGH SEROPREVALENCE; RISK FACTOR; EPIDEMIOLOGY; ANTIBODY;
Keywords:
HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; EPIDEMIOLOGY; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; SINAI; EGYPT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H.F. Elsayed et al., "THE PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS-B AND HEPATITIS-C INFECTIONS AMONG IMMIGRANTS TO A NEWLY RECLAIMED AREA ENDEMIC FOR SCHISTOSOMA-MANSONI IN SINAI, EGYPT", Acta Tropica, 68(2), 1997, pp. 229-237

Abstract

Serology for hepatitis B and C markers was performed on a community-based random sample of 506 residents of an area recently reclaimed fromthe desert and endemic for Schistosoma mansoni. The mean age of the study subjects was (20 +/- 14), and 52% were males. The overall seroprevalence of hepatitis B (Anti-HBc and/or HBsAg) was 19.6%, hepatitis C (Anti-HCV) was 10.3%, while 5% were positive for both hepatitis B and C. A strong association was present with increasing age for both hepatitis B and C markers. However, there was no association with either sex, S. mansoni infection or schistosomal periportal fibrosis. Also HBV seropositivity was not associated with increased risk of HCV seropositivity. Anti-HCV seropositivity was significantly associated with previous parenteral treatment for schistosomiasis (OR = 7.9), and with history of previous surgery (OR = 3). Hepatitis B and C are major public health problems in this population. It is recommended to consolidate the Egyptian programme of infant hepatitis B vaccination, and to extend it to older children and high risk adult groups. There is also an urgent need to study more closely the epidemiology, natural history, risk factors and modes of transmission of hepatitis C. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 19:43:02