Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
DITERPENOIDS FROM GERMANDER, AN HERBAL MEDICINE, INDUCE APOPTOSIS IN ISOLATED RAT HEPATOCYTES
Autore:
FAU D; LEKEHAL M; FARRELL G; MOREAU A; MOULIS C; FELDMANN G; HAOUZI D; PESSAYRE D;
Indirizzi:
HOP BEAUJON,INSERM UNITE 24 F-92118 CLICHY FRANCE HOP BEAUJON,ASSOC CLAUDE BERNARD,CTR RECH PHYSIOPATHOL HEPAT F-92118 CLICHY FRANCE UNIV PARIS 07,FAC MED XAVIER BICHAT,INSERM UNITE 327 PARIS FRANCE FAC PHARMACEUT SCI,LAB PHARMACOGNOSIE TOULOUSE FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Gastroenterology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 113, anno: 1997,
pagine: 1334 - 1346
SICI:
0016-5085(1997)113:4<1334:DFGAHM>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PLASMA-MEMBRANE; ANTIANDROGEN FLUTAMIDE; HEPATOCELLULAR INJURY; METABOLIC-ACTIVATION; PRIMARY CULTURE; CELL-DEATH; HEPATOTOXICITY; HEPATITIS; LIVER; TRANSGLUTAMINASE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D. Fau et al., "DITERPENOIDS FROM GERMANDER, AN HERBAL MEDICINE, INDUCE APOPTOSIS IN ISOLATED RAT HEPATOCYTES", Gastroenterology, 113(4), 1997, pp. 1334-1346

Abstract

Background & Aims: Germander was withdrawn from the market after ifs use for weight control caused an epidemic of hepatitis, Its toxicity was shown to be caused by diterpenoids and their cytochrome P4503A-mediated metabolic activation into electrophilic metabolites that deplete cellular thiols, The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanisms of cell death, Me?hods: isolated rat hepatocytes were incubated for 2 hours with germander diterpenoids (100 mu g/mL). Results: Diterpenoids decreased cell glutathione, increased cytosolic [Ca2+], activated Ca2+-dependent tissue transglutaminase forming a cross-linked protein scaffold, and caused internucleosomal DNA fragmentation and the ultrastructural features of apoptosis. Cell death was prevented by decreasing metabolic activation (with troleandomycin), preventing depletion of glutathione (with cystine), blocking activation of Ca2+-modulatedenzymes (With calmidazolium), or inhibiting internucleosomal DNA fragmentation (with aurintricarboxylic acid), Apoptosis was increased acidditerpenoids caused overexpression of p53 and interleukin 1 beta-converting enzyme in rats treated with dexamethasone (cytochrome P4503A inducer), Apoptosis was also increased by a diet deficient in sulfur amino, acids, Conclusions: The germander furano diterpenoids cause apoptosis within 2 hours in isolated rat hepatocytes. Electrophilic metabolites may stimulate apoptosis by decreasing thiols, increasing [Ca2+], and activating Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase and endonucleases.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/08/20 alle ore 19:50:48