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Titolo:
DO INSECTICIDE-TREATED CURTAINS REDUCE ALL-CAUSE CHILD-MORTALITY IN BURKINA-FASO
Autore:
HABLUETZEL A; DIALLO DA; ESPOSITO F; LAMIZANA L; PAGNONI F; LENGELER C; TRAORE C; COUSENS SN;
Indirizzi:
CTR NATL LUTTE PALUDISME,BP 2208 OUAGADOUGOU BURKINA FASO UNIV CAMERINO,DEPT BIOL MCA I-62032 CAMERINO MC ITALY MINIST FOREIGN AFFAIRS,DIREZ GEN COOPERAZ SVILUPPO ROME ITALY LONDON SCH HYG & TROP MED LONDON WC1 ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
TM & IH. Tropical medicine & international health
fascicolo: 9, volume: 2, anno: 1997,
pagine: 855 - 862
SICI:
1360-2276(1997)2:9<855:DICRAC>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PERMETHRIN-IMPREGNATED CURTAINS; BED-NETS; GAMBIAN CHILDREN; MALARIA CONTROL; WESTERN KENYA; MORBIDITY; TRANSMISSION; BEDNETS;
Keywords:
CHILD MORTALITY; MALARIA; INSECTICIDE-TREATED CURTAINS; RCT; BURKINA FASO;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
12
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Habluetzel et al., "DO INSECTICIDE-TREATED CURTAINS REDUCE ALL-CAUSE CHILD-MORTALITY IN BURKINA-FASO", TM & IH. Tropical medicine & international health, 2(9), 1997, pp. 855-862

Abstract

To evaluate whether insecticide-treated netting (ITN) reduces child mortality in different epidemiological settings, 4 large, randomized, controlled trials were conducted in Africa. Here we report the findingsfrom the trial in Burkina Faso, in an area of hyperendemic and markedly seasonal malaria transmission. The trial involved 158 villages, with a total population of some 90,000, grouped into 16 geographical clusters. Ascertainment of mortality among children aged 6-59 months beganin early 1993. In June/July 1994, 8 Of the clusters, randomly selected, received permethrin-treated curtains. Follow-up of children and ascertainment of mortality continued until May 1996. A 15% reduction in all-cause mortality among children aged 6-59 months was observed over the 2-year period following the installation of the curtains (95% c.i. - 4% to 30%) In the first year, post-intervention mortality was substantially lower in the clusters receiving curtains compared with the control clusters (rate ratio = 0.74; 95% c.i. 0.57, 0.95) but in the second year, there was no difference between mortality in the two groups (rate ratio = 0.99). The overall two-year impact of the intervention isconsistent with the impacts observed in other trials which have demonstrated reductions in child mortality of from 17% to 33% However, the year-by-year analysis raises some concerns about the long-term effect of ITN. Further follow-up of this population is warranted.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 04:37:59