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Titolo:
Motivation, cognitions and traits: predicting occupational health, well-being and performance
Autore:
Code, S; Langan-Fox, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Melbourne, Dept Psychol, Parkville, Vic 3052, Australia Univ Melbourne Parkville Vic Australia 3052 arkville, Vic 3052, Australia
Titolo Testata:
STRESS AND HEALTH
fascicolo: 3, volume: 17, anno: 2001,
pagine: 159 - 174
SICI:
1532-3005(200104)17:3<159:MCATPO>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
A BEHAVIOR PATTERN; NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY; JOB-SATISFACTION; IMMUNE FUNCTION; POWER MOTIVATION; PERSONAL GOALS; STRESS; MODEL; NEED; MOTIVES;
Keywords:
personality; occupational stress; health; well-being;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
110
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Langan-Fox, J Univ Melbourne, Dept Psychol, Parkville, Vic 3052, AustraliaUniv Melbourne Parkville Vic Australia 3052 3052, Australia
Citazione:
S. Code e J. Langan-Fox, "Motivation, cognitions and traits: predicting occupational health, well-being and performance", STRESS HEAL, 17(3), 2001, pp. 159-174

Abstract

Past research on vulnerability/resistance to occupational stress and strain has focused predominantly on personality defined at the trait or dispositional level (e.g. Type A Behaviour Pattern, Locus of Control, DispositionalOptimism and Negative Affectivity). This is problematic for two reasons. First, within the current, prevailing integrative view of personality there are three main elements: motivation, cognitions, and traits (Winter, 1996; McAdams, 2000). The second problem is that there are two branches that together define personality psychology as a discipline: (a) the nomothetic or 'individual difference' approach; and (b) the 'ideographic' approach, that is the structure and organization of personality at the individual level (Epstein, 1994), yet trait theory-and especially the 'Big Five' model-have paid little attention to the latter, a trend that is also evident in the occupational stress literature. The central thesis of the current paper is that motivation, cognitions and traits should contribute more variance to the stress-strain relationship than trait personality alone. A preliminary model is presented and recommendations for future research provided, Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/04/18 alle ore 20:30:14